I had lost hope: The story behind a Nazi-looted Madonna and long-delayed compensation to Jewish heirs
Left, Jacopo del Sellaio's Madonna and Child with the Young St John and Two Angels (1480-85); and right, Grete Under Heinz with a print copy of the painting provided by Castello di Rivoli in her bedroom in Carmel, California, 2020 Del Sellaio photo: © Alessandro Fiamingo, courtesy of the Castello di Rivoli Museo dArte Contemporanea, Rivoli-Turin. Heinz photo: © Grete Heinz, courtesy of the Castello di Rivoli Museo dArte Contemporanea, Rivoli-Turin
She had loved the painting since childhood: a vibrant 15th-century Madonna and Child by the Florentine painter Jacopo del Sellaio, inherited by her mother before it was looted from her Jewish family by the German authorities in France in 1942.
Now Grete Unger Heinz is relieved to have seen it reappear in the collection of the Cerruti Foundation, a house museum managed by the Castello di Rivoli Museum of Contemporary Art in Turin that is compensating her and her fellow heirs for the painting. The arrangement was brokered in a restitution agreement announced today by the Holocaust Claims Processing Office (HCPO) in New York.
“At almost 93, I had lost hope that this beloved Italian Renaissance painting belonging to my parents would ever resurface,” says Heinz, who lives in Carmel, California. She says she is gratified not only that the foundation reached an “equitable” arrangement with the heirs of her parents, Anna Arens Unger and Friedrich Unger, including a full accounting of the paintings past, “but also that I might yet see the work itself in the Castello di Rivoli Museum in my lifetime”.
“My first memory of the painting was in the dining room of my parents [Vienna] apartment,” she says of the painting, fully titled Madonna and Child With the Young St. John and Two Angels. “As I ate lunch in this dining room most days and was seated diagonally across from this large painting, I was exposed to it every day and could contemplate it during this daily meal. What most struck me were the exquisite colours of the Madonnas cloak and dress.”
“I had never seen such colours in any of the paintings I had been shown at the Kunsthistorische Museum in Vienna, to which I had been taken occasionally,” she says. “The loveliness of the face of the Madonna and of St. John also stayed in my memory.” The work is roughly dated from 1480 to 1485.
Jacopo del Sellaio's Madonna and Child With the Young St. John and Two Angels from around 1480 to 1485 Collection Fondazione Francesco Federico Cerruti per lArte; Long-term loan, Castello di Rivoli Museo dArte Contemporanea, Rivoli-Turin
The HCPO, part of the New York State Department of Financial Services, says it has also brokered compensation for the Unger heirs for two other Old Master paintings that were looted from the familys collection and never resurfaced: Jacopo Tintorettos Holy Family and Pieter de Bloots Scene in a Dutch Farmhouse, which like the Madonna and Child were also originally owned by Anna Arens Ungers father, Gustav Arens, a Viennese Jewish businessman and collector.
The HCPO says it filed successful claims for the two works with the Commission for the Compensation of Victims of Spoliation Resulting from the Anti-Semitic Legislation in Force During the Occupation, a French government body that settles claims presented by victims or their heirs.
The amount of compensation for the three paintings was not disclosed. Carolyn Christov-Bakargiev, the director of the Castello di Rivoli and the Cerruti Foundation, says that based on a valuation by Christies, the compensation for the Madonna and Child is being paid in three installments with funds left to the foundation by the industrialist and collector Francesco Federico Cerruti, who died in 2015.
Arens originally purchased the Jacopo del Sellaio at a Vienna gallery in 1936. He died the same year and it was inherited by Anna Arens Unger, his eldest daughter. After the annexation of Austria by Germany, she and her husband suffered persecution, and the Nazis seized their entire collection of paintings.
The family recouped the art after paying a ransom and fled in 1938 for France, where they stored the works in a customs warehouse in Paris before emigrating to the US in 1939. They tried unsuccessfully to have the art exported before it was plundered in 1942 by the Germans.
The Ungers recovered many of their paintings after the Second World War with the help of US military forces but the Jacopo del Sellaio remained elusive, saddening their youngest daughter Grete. Heinz says her father spent the last nine years of his life between the end of the Second World War and his death in 1954 trying to trace what had happened to the Florentine painting, which was advertised by an international art police agency and included in an official French listing of works stolen by the Nazis. After her fathers death, her mother continued to search for it another decade and finally gave up around the mid-1960s, she adds.
Research by the Castello di Rivoli Museum shows that it reappeared on the market at a Lucerne gallery in 1974 before being sold at auction in Christies in London in 1985. In 1987, the Castello di Rivoli relates, Cerruti bought it from an Italian art dealer. After Cerrutis death, his collection was entrusted in 2017 to the Castello di Rivoli, which commenced research on all of the works in preparation for a scholarly catalogue. Christov-Bakargiev says that its provenance research eventually led it to the National Archives and Records Administration in Washington, which had records of claims filed in 1945-46. A colleague specialising in provenance research also tracked it to an image of the Jacopo del Sellaio on the HCPO database.
In 2018, she says, the Cerruti Foundation made contact with the HCPO in New York and thereby with the heirs, who were identified as Heinz and the three children of Heinzs sister. NegotiRead More – Source