What does Chancellor Rishi Sunak’s statement mean for Scotland?
UK government Chancellor Rishi Sunak has made a Summer statement mini-budget announcement aimed at minimising the economic impact in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic. Some of the measures directly affect Scotland while others will result in about £800m more for the Scottish government to distribute as they choose.
The VAT cut from 20% to 5% runs from next Wednesday to 12 January. It covers food, accommodation and attractions, including cinemas.
This applies across the UK.
Don't assume that it will reduce the cost of going to the pub or restaurant. It's more likely to be seen by businesses as a boost to their finances. They get to keep more of your bill.
The point is not to entice people into eating or drinking by lowering prices, or at least that's not seen as the main problem: the challenge is the caution people feel about going out, and the lower capacity while social distancing remains in place.
Eat out to help out
This scheme is intended to entice people back into restaurants and pubs serving food, with the government paying half your bill, up to £10 per person, on a Monday to Wednesday.
Restaurants have to register, and can claim back the funds, with the promise of funds in their bank accounts within five days of filing a claim.
Furlough 'bonus' scheme
The chancellor rejected calls to extend the furlough scheme beyond the end of October, saying it had to be wound down, and was bad for the economy to have people kept off work for any longer.
But he sugared that bitter prospect with a commitment that could cost up to £9bn.
For everyone furloughed, who remains in employment from November to January, subject to a minimum earnings level of £520 per month (about 90% of those furloughed), there will be a £1,000 bonus for employers.
This scheme, like the current furlough scheme, applies to Scotland.
Kickstart jobs for young people
We already knew about the £2.1bn Kickstarter scheme to create more jobs for those under 25.
The fund will subsidise six-month work placements for young people on Universal Credit who are at risk of long-term unemployment.
There are conditions to ensure the system is not gamed, so there has to be proof that these are new jobs.
The measures that don't apply in Scotland
UK Chancellor Rishi Sunak also announced a range of measures that do not apply directly in Scotland due to devolution.
These will result in funds being available through the formula which calculates how much UK expenditure Scotland receives.